Popular presidentsIn 1909, in the great state of Illinois, school teachers one February day were directed to spend at least half the school day in public exercises, patriotic music, and recitations of sayings, verses, and speeches to mark the centennial birthday of a great hero. At the end of it all, they were to have their students face in the direction of Springfield and chant in unison the following:

ColumbusColumbus Day — once a time to celebrate one of the heroes of modern Western Civilization — is dying a slow death. Besieged by leftwing loons and of little apparently utility to the shopping malls, the day to remember Christopher Columbus may simply fade away. According to a Columbus Day article in the Wall Street Journal:

The Constitution of San Marino was adopted on October 8, 1600, making the tiny European enclave arguably the world's oldest constitutional republic.

LepantoAutumn had come to the Mediterranean, and more than a hint of the blustery winter to come was in the air, as two formidable armadas gathered for battle near Corinth. By far the larger force was the fleet commanded by Ali Pasha, servant of Ottoman Turkey’s Sultan Selim II.

Following in the wake of the news of the discovery of Nero’s extravagant banquet hall, another archaeological find is revealing even more about the life in first century Rome. According to a story from LiveScience.com, scientists are closer to a definitive explanation for the reported increase in Rome’s population during the crucial period surrounding the fall of the Republic and the first generations under the reign of the Caesars:

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