Thursday, 13 December 2012 16:34

Govt. Spying Out of Control, Notes Judge Napolitano

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In an article posted by Libertarian-minded Judge Andrew Napolitano on on Thursday, Napolitano asserts that government spying has gotten out of control. According to Napolitano, both the Democratic and Republican Parties have justified the process of spying on American citizens and the violation of constitutional rights in the process, always under the guise of security, and in doing so, have violated their oaths to uphold the Constitution.

Napolitano begins by providing some historical background on domestic spying. According to Napolitano, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978 established a new standard for having to obtain search warrants. He noted,

The constitutional standard for all search warrants is probable cause of crime. FISA, however, established a new, different and lesser standard — thus unconstitutional on its face since Congress is bound by, and cannot change, the Constitution — of probable cause of status. The status was that of an agent of a foreign power. So, under FISA, the feds needed to demonstrate to a secret court only that a non-American physically present in the U.S., perhaps under the guise of a student, diplomat or embassy janitor, was really an agent of a foreign power, and the demonstration of that agency alone was sufficient to authorize a search warrant to listen to the agent’s telephone calls or read his mail.

Further, the requirement of status morphed over time from “foreign agent” to “foreign person,” and the act applied to Americans in contact with “foreign persons.” With the inception of the Patriot Act in 2001, federal agents were permitted to write their own search warrants and amended FISA so that the FISA-issued search warrant requirement was not applicable when the foreign person is outside of the United States.

Putting this into perspective, Napolitano writes, “This means that if you email or call your cousin in Europe or a business colleague in Asia, the feds are reading or listening, without a warrant, without suspicion, without records and without evidence of anything unlawful.”

Furthermore, information attained during this process of spying is permissible in a federal court.

The amendments to FISA found within the Patriot Act were to expire at the end of the month, but Napolitano points out that the House has already voted to extend the amended FISA statute, and the Senate is considering doing the same. He continued:

FISA gives the government unchecked authority to snoop on all Americans who communicate with any foreign person, in direct contravention of the Fourth Amendment. The right to privacy is a natural human right. Its enshrinement in the Constitution has largely kept America from becoming East Germany. Moreover, everyone in Congress has taken an oath to uphold the Constitution, which could not be more clear: "The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects…" shall not be violated, except via a warrant issued by a neutral judge upon the judge finding probable cause of crime. If we let Congress, which is a creature of the Constitution, change the Constitution, then no one’s liberty or property is safe, and freedom is dependent upon the political needs of those in power.

And while Napolitano’s focus in his article is on FISA and the Patriot Act, there are numerous examples of government spying run amok. Officials at the Maryland Transit Administration, for example, announced that private conversations on public buses are permitted to be recorded “to investigate crimes, accidents and poor customer service.”

The Baltimore Sun writes, “The first 10 buses — marked with signs to alert passengers to the open microphones — began service [in October] in Baltimore, and officials expect to expand that to 340 buses, about half the fleet, by next summer.... Microphones are incorporated in the video surveillance system that has been in place for years.”

In addition to the surveillance equipment and signs to alert passengers of the open mics, the buses will be equipped with a "black box" that will be able to store 30 days of audio and video information. The "black box" is locked in an equipment compartment on each of the MTA buses. In the event of an accident involving passengers or a complaint against a driver, the box can be removed and the information can be downloaded for review. According to the MTA, the purpose of the program is to ensure passenger safety.

In Alameda County, California, the sheriff’s office was forced to suspend the purchase of a surveillance drone after mass public outcry indicated fierce opposition to the plan. Privacy advocates slammed the sheriff's office with concerns that the use of surveillance drones will violate privacy protections. Members of the Electronic Frontier Foundation helped to orchestrate opposition to the plan.

The sheriff’s office had reportedly downplayed concerns over privacy protections, asserting that the drone would be used to help in search and rescue missions. However, a July 20 internal memo revealed otherwise. Mercury News writes that the memo “shows the department identified uses other than search and rescue, including barricaded suspects, investigative and tactical surveillance, intelligence gathering, suspicious persons and large crowd control disturbances.”

Trevor Timm of the Electronic Frontier Foundation notes, “We’re not against drones entirely,” but adds that the possibility exists for the drones to be used in “mission creep.”

Additionally, the Environmental Protection Agency reportedly has been using aircraft to spy on cattle ranchers in Iowa and Nebraska. Nebraska’s congressional delegation recently submitted a joint letter to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson expressing concerns about the surveillance, to which the EPA replied that its use of the planes is well within the legal boundaries, as well as “cost-effective.”

Congress has already approved the deployment of approximately 30,000 drones in U.S. skies by the year 2020, prompting privacy advocates to question how the FAA will safeguard the American people from the aircraft.

Concerns that the drones would add to privacy violations were vindicated when a newly discovered Air Force intelligence brief revealed that surveillance data of American citizens captured by drones "accidentally" can be stored and analyzed by the Pentagon.

“Collected imagery may incidentally include US persons or private property without consent,” the instruction states.

Critics have voiced concerns that the FAA has not developed proper privacy guidelines for the use of drones. And without federal guidelines for how the data is collected and used by drones, some fear that their use will result in constitutional violations.

And on Tuesday, PressTV reported that the federal government is preparing to expand the installation of surveillance devices that are being used on buses for use in street lights.

According to PressTV, “High-tech street lights with ‘homeland security applications’ are now being installed in major U.S. cities.” The street lights are being rolled out in Detroit, Chicago, and Pittsburgh, with backing from the U.S. Department of Energy.


  • Comment Link REMant Friday, 14 December 2012 13:45 posted by REMant

    The post-Vietnam statutes were intended to rein in law enforcement in this area, however. I noticed the other day that Fairfax VA County schools have apparently authorized school bus drivers to take pictures of traffic when stopped to load and unload and that more and more cameras and radar are being installed to ticket offenders. The Feds appear to have also stepped up their pursuit of DMCA violators. Tho I think this is the result of economic conditions, there's no clear line to demarcate American business and "security" interests.

  • Comment Link Rocky Thursday, 13 December 2012 21:47 posted by Rocky

    The Judge is correct. BOTH political parties had a hand in Big Brother and BOTH want control. It started big time with the Patriot Act after 9-11 and went downhill from there. Congress took it upon themselves to renew the Patriot Act, as usual nothing out of the voters in this matter.
    When men will standby and watch their wives and children being searched and gropped by the TSA perverts, it's all over folks. We got the government we deserved !

  • Comment Link Todd Thursday, 13 December 2012 20:31 posted by Todd

    Increasing govt surveillance is a surer sign of a planned removal of freedom than law & order. Why do you think they’re building up the surveillance infrastructure - so you cant do anything when they finally do become what you might consider resisting.

    I notice that the state I live in, and a neighboring state have lined the highways with cameras - one every half mile or so, and at every bridge overpass. Most have RFID receiver boxes underneath (like the speed-pass boxes). There are no toll plazas or automated weigh stations here. They say its for accident / traffic jam web-cams. Its more than just that. We're talking hundreds of miles of highway - even in remote areas. And every car being made now has RFID’s on board. Could there also be hidden microphones in the dash ? What exactly are the radio receivers picking up ? So, look up while driving down the highway - you’re not just being watched, you’re being tracked as well - its such a warm fuzzy to know that the govt considers its own citizens to be more of a threat than China’s claptrap to nuke us.

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