Last Friday, two pro-business organizations filed motions in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, challenging the constitutionality of President Barack Obama’s recess appointments. The two advocacy groups, the National Right to Work Foundation (NRWF) and the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB), argue in their pleading that as the Senate was in session, the Constitution does not empower the President to make appointments without their advice and consent.

Supreme CourtCalling it the “most significant religious liberty decision in two decades,” the New York Times announced the Supreme Court’s decision to uphold the “ministerial exception” whereby churches and other religious organizations are exempt from governmental interference in their hiring and firing practices. In a unanimous 9-0 decision on January 11, the Court said that churches have an overriding “interest ... in choosing who will preach their beliefs, teach their faith and carry out their mission.”

GuantanamoThe 10th anniversary of the opening of the Guantanamo Bay Detention Facility was Wednesday.

In what some legal analysts consider the most significant decision covering religious freedom in the last 20 years, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled January 11 that a religious organization has the right to fire an employee under the 1964 Civil Rights Act’s “ministerial exception” clause.

On Monday the Family Research Council (FRC) filed a “friend of the court” (amicus curiae) brief with the Supreme Court that makes its case that if the mandate forcing citizens to purchase health insurance or pay a penalty is ruled unconstitutional, then the entire 2,700-page Patient Protection and Affordable Health Care law should be thrown out as well.