As the Muslims fast in the holy month of Ramadan, Somali rebel groups have vowed to increase heavy attacks against the Somali transitional federal government and the African Union troops in the capital.

Citing a statement from an aid worker in the Congo, an August 23 MSNBC report revealed that rebels in eastern Congo gang-raped nearly 200 women and some young boys during a four-day period between July 30 and August 3. The rapes took place only a few miles from a UN peacekeepers' base.

Terrorist attacks, suicide bombings, and ongoing violence are taking place in the Horn of Africa country of Somalia. What makes young Somalis engage in such cruelty, what drives them, and what principles do they stand for?

As the situation in war-torn Somalia worsens, some governments whose countries host Somali refugees announced their intention to deport Somalis to their homeland. The United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, and many human right groups are opposed to deportation of these refugees, but they are largely being ignored.

The federal government of the United States, according to many critics in our country, has taken sides in a battle within Kenya to change its constitution and devolve power away from the presidency in that nation. There is near universal agreement that in the 47 years since Kenya gained independence, the nation has been plagued with corruption and election — like the 2007 election — have been marred with violence. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of people were murdered in that election.