VOA News reported on November 2 that Afghanistan's Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) had declared President Hamid Karzai the winner of the country's disputed election, following the withdrawal from the race the previous day by Karzai's challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, the nation’s former Foreign Minister. The runoff election that had been scheduled for November 7 has been cancelled and Karzai will remain as president for a five-year term.
As the Obama administration and Moscow rush to negotiate a new arms-control treaty by the end of the year, Russia is being accused of testing new Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) that would violate the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START).
When searching for reforms to promote gender equality the world often turns north. The Scandinavian countries have more equality between men and women than most other societies. Women in Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Denmark were early in entering the labor market and have the highest political representation in the world. In Sweden, women hold close to half of the seats and Finland is headed by a female president.
Honduran President Roberto Micheletti announced that he is ready to sign an agreement that could reinstate ousted President Manuel Zelaya and end the country's political crisis, VOA News reported early on October 30. Micheletti was installed by a congressional vote as the Central American’s president on June 28 as a replacement for President Manuel Zelaya, who was exiled by the military acting on the orders of the Honduran Supreme Court. Late on October 29, Micheletti said that he has authorized his negotiating team to sign an agreement that "marks the beginning of the end" of the four-month political standoff. The Honduran congress must approve the deal.