On January 18, the militant Hamas regime that rules Gaza agreed to a one-week cease-fire with Israel. With three weeks of military action by Israel against Hamas brought to a halt, observers are taking stock of the devastating conditions in Gaza and trying to determine if Israel has accomplished its objective of neutralizing  Hamas, which is categorized as a terrorist organization by the United States, Canada, the European Union, Israel, and Japan.

GazaKhaled Meshaal, a Hamas leader, told the attendees at an emergency Arab summit on the Gaza crisis being held in Doha, the capital of Qatar, on January  16: "I assure you: despite all the destruction in Gaza, we will not accept Israel's conditions for a cease-fire."

Gaza, Israeli MilitaryAs the Israeli military intensified its ongoing assault against the Hamas terrorist organization in densely populated Gaza City on January 15, artillery shells struck the compound of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), drawing immediate criticism from UN Secretary-General Ban ki-Moon, who called the attack an "outrage."

Secretary-generalUN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon arrived in Cairo on January 14, beginning a Middle East tour aimed at ending Israel's offensive against the Hamas terrorist organization in the Gaza Strip. The secretary-general put on full display his view that the United Nations is a global authority empowered to dictate how "peace" is achieved — that is, that the UN's dicates, as expressed by Security Council resolutions, must be obeyed by the world's nations, including Israel.

Gaza StripThe crisis in Gaza continued on January 9, as Israeli aircraft struck more than 30 Hamas targets before dawn. Hamas militants responded by firing rockets against targets near southern Israel's largest cities, Beersheba and Ashkelon. During the two-week-old conflict that began with Israel's aerial bombardment of Gaza on December 27 — in retaliation for Hamas rocket attacks on Israel — more than 750 Palestinians and 13 Israelis have been killed. The fighting ignored a United Nations Security Council resolution passed on January 8, calling for an immediate, durable, and fully respected cease-fire. The United States, which holds veto power on the Security Council, abstained from the vote on the resolution.

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